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Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (Barcelona Convention)
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment and the Coastal Region of the Mediterranean (BARCELONA Convention) was adopted on 16 February 1976, entered into force on 12 February 1978 and was revised in 1995 to include the goals adopted by Rio Convention 1992. The purpose of the Convention and its Protocols are pollution limitation in the Mediterranean amd the protection and improvement of the marine environment, contributing to the sustainable development of the area. In particular, the Convention's main objectives are: a)to assess and control marine pollution; b) to ensure sustainable management of natural marine and coastal resources; c)to integrate the environment in social and economic development; d) to protect the marine environment and coastal zones through prevention and reduction of pollution, and as far as possible, elimination of pollution, whether land or sea-based; e) to protect the natural and cultural heritage; f) to strengthen solidarity among Mediterranean coastal States; g) to contribute to improvement of the quality of life. The Barcelona Convention has given rise to seven Protocols addressing specific aspects of Mediterranean environmental conservation.