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Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention)
The Convention on the Conservation of European Wildlife and Natural Habitats (Bern Convention) was adopted on 19 September 1979 and entered into force on 1 June 1982. The principal aims of the Convention are a) to ensure conservation and protection of wild plant and animal species and their natural habitats, particularly species and habitats beyond national borders, emphasizing to the protection of vulnerable species and species under extinction, b) to increase cooperation between contracting parties for policies combating environmental pollution and c) to promote education and sensibilization for the preservation of natural heritage. To this end, the Convention develops “Emerald Network”, a network of areas of special conservation interest of the member-states. Natura 2000 is the european contribution to Emerald Network.