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Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was adopted at “Rio Earth Summit” in June 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has 3 main objectives: a)the conservation of biological diversity, b)the sustainable use of the components of biological diversity and c)the fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources. The Convention is accompanied by two Protocols that specialize issues concerning the protection of biological diversity: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization.