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Convention on the Protection of the Marine Environment of the Baltic Sea Area, (Helsinki Convention)
The Helsinki Convention was signed in 1992 by all the states bordering on the Baltic Sea, and the European Community and entered into force on 17 January 2000, replacing the first Helsinki Convention, signed in 1974. The Convention regards the marine environment of the Baltic Sea area as a whole. The Convention focuses on the pollution prevention and elimination in order to promote the ecological restoration of the Baltic Sea Area and the preservation of its ecological balance.
The geographical scope of the Convention covers the whole of the Baltic Sea area, including inland waters as well as the water of the sea itself and the sea-bed. Measures are also taken in the whole catchment area of the Baltic Sea to reduce land-based pollution.