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Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic (OSPAR Convention)
The Convention for the Protection of the Marine Environment of the North-East Atlantic entered into force on 25 March 1998, replacing the Oslo and Paris Conventions. The Convention’s objectives include the protection of the marine ecosystem, the preservation of human health in the North-East Atlantic area by preventing and eliminating pollution and harmful human activities. The protection of the marine environment is also fulfilled via the sustainable use of the region. The Convention works are analysed to 6 specific strategies and for each one of them, there is a special annual programme to be agreed and implemented.
The main institution established by the Convention is the OSPAR Commission, that follows the international environmental law’ s principles, especially the Declarations of Rio and Stockholm and the article 197 of the Convention on the Law of the Sea concern in the global and regional cooperation for the protection and conservation of the maritime environment. The Commission’s decisions and recommendations are legally binding for the Parties, unless they have made reservations. The main principles determining the Parties’ obligations include the precautionary principle, the “polluter pays” principle, the principle of best available techniques and the principle of best environmental practices.