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United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
The UNFCCC was signed at “Rio Earth Summit” in June 1992 and entered into force on 21 March 1994. Linked to the UNFCCC, the Kyoto Protocol was adopted on 11 December 1997 and entered into force on 16 February 2005. The ultimate aim of both agreements is the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentration in the atmosphere at levels that prevent “dangerous” human interference with the climate system. The Kyoto Protocol commits its Parties by setting internationally binding carbon dioxyde emission reduction targets, placing a heavier burden on developed nations. In December 2015 a new agreement on climate change was adopted in Paris (Paris Agreement) and entered into force on 4 November 2016.