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Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context
Koivurova T. (2014), “Could the Espoo Convention Become a Global Regime for Environmental Impact Assessment and Strategic Environmental Assessment?”, in Warner R. and Mardsen S. (eds) Transboundary Environmental Governance: Inland, Coastal and Marine Perspectives, 323-342.

Abstract: The convention on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in a Transboundary Context (the Espoo Convention) is Now 20 years old which was negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). The chapter examines a possible legal approach to EIA/SEA over development activities possibly having an impact on the environment of the Areas Beyond National Jurisdiction (ABNJ), given that so far policy development has resulted in principally soft regulation.

Kuivurova T. (2007) “The Context on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (Espoo Convention)”, in Ulfstein G. with Marauhn T. and Zimmermann A. (eds) Making Treaties Work: Human Rights, Environment and Arms Control, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, p. 218-240.
Abstract: The 1991 Convention on Environmental Impact Assessment in a Transboundary Context (the Espoo Convention) was negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (ECE) and was signed in Espoo, Finland, in 1991. Following six meetings of the signatories, the Convention entered into force in 1997 and the first Meeting of the Parties (MoP) took place in Oslo in 1998. The Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Protocol to the Convention was adopted in 2003, and has been signed by thirty-six States as well as by the EC.
The institutional development within the Espoo regime has progressed over time. The Meeting of the Parties, representing the voice of States parties, has taken place three times, and has adopted many important decisions pertaining to the institutional structure of the Espoo Convention. The Bureau of the Convention was established as an organ to co-ordinate the work pertaining to the development of the system of the Convention between the Meetings of the Parties. Secretariat tasks are handled by the ECE. The MoP is now assisted by the Working Group on Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) and the Implementation Committee. The Working Group on EIA assists the MoP in the implementation of the Convention and the management of the work-plan, and the Implementation Committee has the dual task of developing the reporting system and considering individual cases of non-compliance.