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Conferences of the Parties (UNFCCC) - Meeting of the Parties (Kyoto Protocol)

7th COP, 29 October – 9 November 2001, Marrakech (Morocco): Marrakech Accords: Adoption of the Kyoto Protocol on Climate Change.

13th COP & 3rd MOP, 3 – 14 December 2007, Bali (Indonesia): Bali Road Map: It is considered as one of the important decisions because it sets basic guidelines for achieving a secure future for the climate and sets out a roadmap for new negotiations to tackle climate change, both under the Kyoto Protocol (to 2012 ie - first commitment period) and after that.

16th COP & 6th MOP, 29 November – 10 December 2010, Cancun (Mexico): Cancun Agreements: The Cancun Agreements represent a significant achievement of the United Nations to combat climate change. It is a collective effort to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, which aims mainly at supporting developing countries (technologically, financially, etc.), in order for them to develop the appropriate mechanisms for sustainable development.

17th COP & 7th MOP, 28 November – 9 December 2011, Durban (South Africa): Durban Outcomes: Τhe member states agreed on the need for a new agreement to tackle climate change beyond 2020, with more ambitious plans. By then it was agreed to continue with the Kyoto Protocol (second commitment period) and the beginning of negotiations on a new legally binding text.

18ο COP & 8ο MOP, 26 November – 7 December 2012, Doha (Qatar): Doha Climate Gateway: The Doha Conference is considered station in developing the institutional framework of climate change for two reasons: a) It adopted an Annex for the second period of the Kyoto Protocol and b) concluded that in 2015 there should be a new deal on climate change under the UNFCCC.

19ο COP & 9ο ΜΟΡ, 11 – 22 November 2013, Warsaw (Poland): Warsaw Outcomes: The results of the Warsaw Conference are considered important because they highlight the need for faster and broader action on the part of States to tackle climate change, and for this reason it attempts to bind them to the global effort aiming at both  faster reduction of emissions and developing a long-term policy that will protect and help humanity to adapt in the continuous worsening of climate change.

21ο COP & 11ο ΜΟΡ, 30 November – 11 December 2015, Paris (France): Paris Agreement: In Paris an agreement was approved for the development of environmental protection in the area of climate change. Its main objective is to maintain the average global temperature below 2 °C (from pre-industrial levels) - or even below 1,5 °C , with the parallel reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. A new element added is the setting of national objectives , which means that each member state to the agreement will have a specific target for reducing greenhouse gas emissions. The agreement is open for signature by the spring of 2017.