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EnvCOPs platform Monitoring International Environmental Agreements: A European Perspective

Description
The unclear and ambiguous division of responsibility between the EU and the member-states regarding the negotiation and the implementation of international environmental agreements call into question the Union's leadership role at international level Taking into account the labyrinthine, fragmented and constantly evolving international context of environmental protection, the timely access to accurate and credible information remains a challenge for experts and public officials involved in the decision-making process at national level. Compliance with the obligations deriving from international environmental agreements require often the adoption of horizontal measures and the cooperation of different national bodies, which, however, are unable to comprehend this complex and unclear institutional framework.          read more...

Conventions
Short title
Type
Thematic stream
Signed at international level(year)
Signed by the EU(year)
Ratification by the EU(year)
Entry into force at EU level (year)
Signatories (number of countries)
Ratifications (number of countries)
Ratification by EU Member-States
Important COPs(year)
Records:48
Short TitleDetailsTypeThematic streamSigned at international level(year)Signed by the EU(year)Ratification by the EU(year)Entry into force at EU level (year)Signatories (number of countries)Ratification (number of countries)Ratification by EU Member-StatesDescriptionWebsiteAdditional informationImportant COPs(year)Important COPs (Description)Related literature
Basel ConventionGlobalWaste198919891993199453185Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 1994, 2002, 2011
   20132013  12835   
POP Stockholm ConventionGlobalChemicals20012001 2005152180Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2009
PIC Rotterdam ConventionGlobalChemicals199819982002200372157Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, EU  
AWEA-CMSGlobalBiodiversity1995199720052005  " Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, EU " 1999, 2002, 2008
UNCCDGlobalSoil1994199419981998115196Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28  
ΙΤΤΑGlobalBiodiversity 20062007200720116073Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28  
UNFCCCGlobalClimate change1992199219931994165197Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2001
Kyoto ProtocolGlobalClimate change199719982002200583192Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2005, 2007, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015
CBDGlobalBiotechnology19921992 1994168196Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 1999/2000, 2010
Cartagena ProtocolGlobalBiotechnology2000200020022003103170Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2010
Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur Supplementary ProtocolGlobalBiotechnology201020112013 5137Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU  
Nagoya Protocol GlobalBiotechnology20102011201420149295" Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU"  
Vienna ConventionGlobalOzone Depletion198519851988198928197Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 1990, 1992, 1997, 1999
Montreal ProtocolGlobalOzone Depletion198719871988198946197Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28  
Bonn ConventionGlobalBiodiversity1979198319821983  Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 1994
Paris Agreement GlobalClimate change 2016201620162016194127Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28  
New Rhine ConventionRegionalWater199919992000200366France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, EU 1976, 1986, 1987, 1998, 2001, 2007
Aarhus Convention RegionalGovernance19981998 20053949Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2003, 2005, 2011, 2014
Alpine ConventionRegionalSoil199119911996199899Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, EU 1989, 1991, 2002, 2006, 2009, 2011, 2012, 2014
Protocol to the Alpine Convention-spatial planning RegionalSoil199419942006200699Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, EU  
Protocol to the Alpine Convention-farming RegionalSoil         
Protocol to the Alpine Convention-nature RegionalSoil19941994  99Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Slovenia, EU  
Lisbon Agreement RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents 199019901993 55France, Portugal, Spain, EU  
The Danube River Protection ConventionRegionalWater19941994199719981515Austria, Bulgaria,Croatia, Czech Republic,Germany, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, EU 2004, 2010
Convention for the protection of Vertebrate AnimalsRegionalNature and Biodiversity19861987199819982026Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Lithuania, Latvia, Netherlands, Romania, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU 2006
Bonn AgreementRegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents19831983198419891010Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Ireland, Netherlands, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU 1989, 2001, 2006, 2010, 2011
Antarctic Convention RegionalNature and Biodiversity19801981198119821436Belgium, Bulgaria, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Netherlands, Poland, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU 1989
Bern ConventionRegionalNature and Biodiversity19791979198119825151Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 1998
Barcelona ConventionRegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents19761976197719782222Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, EU 2008
Protocol to the Barcelona Convention - Emergency Protocol RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents 19761976198119812121Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, EU  
Offshore Protocol to the Barcelona Convention RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents          
OSPAR Convention RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents19921992199720001616Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Luxembourgh, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU 1998, 2003, 2010
Helsinki ConventionRegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents19921992199420001010Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, EU 1988, 1990, 1993, 2001, 2003, 2007, 2013
Danube Convention RegionalWater198719871990199133Austria, Germany, EU  
Prevention and Emergency Protocol to the Barcelona Convention RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents 20022002200420041616Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, EU  
Land-Based Sources Protocol to the Barcelona Convention RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents 19801980198320082222Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, EU  
Geneva Protocol to the Barcelona Convention RegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents 19821983198419862222Croatia, Cyprus, France, Greece, Italy, Malta, Slovenia, Spain, EU  
Accident ConventionRegionalCivil Protection and Environmental Accidents19921992199820002741  2000, 2001, 2003, 2005, 2010
UN/ECE Water ConventionRegionalWater 19921992199519962641  2000, 2001, 2003, 2006, 2009, 2012
Espoo ConventionRegionalGovernance19911991  3045Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2001, 2003, 2004, 2014
Geneva ConventionRegionalAir197919791981198332 Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28 2007, 2010, 2012
EMEP Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19841984198619882247Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU-28  
NOX Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19881993199319942535Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria,Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Ireland, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, , Poland, Spain, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU  
SO2 Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19941998199819982829Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU  
Aarhus Protocol Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19981998200120033533Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania,Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom, EU  
POP Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19981998200320043633Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Croatia, Cyprus, Finland, France, Germany, Denmark, Greece, Estonia, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Netherlands, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, EU  
Gothenburg Protocol to the Geneva Convention RegionalAir19992003200320053126Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, Germany, Denmark, Finland, Greece, United Kingdom, Ireland, Italy, Spain, Netherlands,Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, EU